A Traceable Block Cipher.
Abstract:

In this paper we propose a new symmetric block cipher with the following paradoxical traceability properties: it is computationally easy to derive many equivalent secret keys providing distinct descriptions of the same instance of the block cipher. But it is computationally difficult, given one or even up to k equivalent keys, to recover the so called meta-key from which they were derived, or to find any additional equivalent key, or more generally to forge any new untraceable description of the same instance of the block cipher. Therefore, if each legitimate user of a digital content distribution system based on encrypted information broadcast (e.g. scrambled pay TV, distribution over the Internet of multimedia content, etc.) is provided with one of the equivalent keys, he can use this personal key to decrypt the content. But it is conjectured infeasible for coalitions of up to k traitors to mix their legitimate personal keys into untraceable keys they might redistribute anonymously to pirate decoders. Thus, the proposed block cipher inherently provides an efficient traitor tracing scheme [4]. The new algorithm can be described as an iterative block cipher belonging to the class of multivariate schemes. It has advantages in terms of performance over existing traitor tracing schemes and furthermore, it allows to restrict overheads to one single block (i.e. typically 80 to 160 bits) per encrypted content payload. Its strength relies upon the difficulty of the ldquoIsomorphism of Polynomialsrdquo problem [17], which has been extensively investigated over the past years. An initial security analysis is supplied.